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Saturday 17th August 2013

Ares Kalandides

Berlin between regional inequalities and the European crisis

Abstract: Few cities in Europe have been hyped as much as Berlin in the past decade or so. Indeed, recent figures show a significant positive development in many fields: power, population, employment etc. As the capital of the largest EU economy it also comes to play an imporant political and symbolic role. Yet, this heroic rhetoric conceals some important spatial inequalities at several levels. In this presentation I will show the tension between on the one hand Berlin's "success" and on the other the growing internal inequalities, but also the disparities between Berlin and other German and Eruopean regions.

Required reading(s)

Cochrane, Allan and Passmore, Adrian (2001). Building a national capital in an age of globalisation:the case of Berlin. Area, Vol. 33, No. 4, pp. 341–352.

Eckardt, F. (2005), In Search for Meaning: Berlin as National Capital and Global City, Journal of Contemporary European Studies, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 189–201

Massey, D. and Hall, S. (2010), Interpreting the crisis. Soundings 44, pp. 57–71

Hadjimichalis, C. (2011) Uneven geographical development and socio-spatial justice and solidarity: European regions after the 2009 financial crisis, European Urban and Regional Studies, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 254–274

Sunday 18th August 2013


Christine Barwick

Bridging out and bridging back - Networks of the Turkish-German middle classes in Berlin

In this presentation I will examine networks of Turkish-German middle classes in Berlin. Thereby, the networks of stayers – people who have been and continue living in a socioeconomically disadvantaged area – are compared to those of movers – people who have moved out of a resource-poor into a resource-rich neighborhood.
For movers and stayers, the neighborhood is by no means the focal point of ties. Instead, middle-class migrants who live in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas have, although they are well integrated in their neighborhood, many ties to people and institutions in other areas. On the other hand, migrants who have moved out of disadvantaged areas still keep ties back and thus let the residents of the old neighborhood benefit from their social capital. The nature of these ties – functionally, socioeconomically, and ethnically - will be analyzed. Lastly, implications for the understanding of neighborhoods are discussed.

Julia Nast

Resourceful cities? Organizational Inequality in Berlin’s Educational Infrastructure

Using the case of Berlin, this presentation will argue for an organizational perspective on urban exclusion for understanding inequality in times of urban marginality. Comparing publicly-funded educational institutions in deprived and privileged neighborhoods in Berlin, the presentation discusses how the urban and its infrastructural provisions interact materially and symbolically to deepen social inequality within cities. In doing so, the presentation makes a plea for structured comparative approaches using quantitative data as well as ethnographic research.

Nihad El-Kayed

Political Participation of Immigrants – The Local Context

The presentation will focus on the question how the local context affects the political inclusion of immigrants. Previous research on the conditions of immigrant political participation has, besides emphasizing the influence of personal and group resources, pointed to the importance of local networks and organizations. While past research has tended to conceptualize these local conditions of political participation on the level of whole cities opportunities for political participation differ also in cities: Different neighborhoods offer different opportunities for different population groups e. g. because local networks of various groups are distributed unevenly across the city. Connecting to this the presented phd-project wants to examine the local conditions for political participation of immigrants on the neighborhood level by asking: How do contextual conditions on the neighborhood level influence the political participation of immigrants? What do these local differences mean for conceptions of citizenship which are mostly understood to be located at the national level? In the project this question will be examined through a comparison between four different neighborhoods with different contextual conditions. The project will be conducted by using quantitative as well as qualitative methods.  

Henrik Schulze

The Limits of Social Relationships

This presentation will explore the different views of residents regarding their gentrified neighborhoods of Berlin Prenzlauer Berg from a conflict perspective. Especially among one group (mostly but not always old-timer) I found evidence of a strong place-based collective memory which has a deep impact on their perception and assessment of the neighborhood of today while the other group doesn’t share or lacks these memories. The consequences are rival interpretations and symbolic conflicts about their neighborhood. Both groups tend to avoid relationships or at least social proximity, despite their often similar status in particular with regard to their cultural capital. The research shows that these groups were not always divided along the line of newcomer and old-timer or eastern vs. western socialization as supposed in the public discourse. While one group construct their contemporary urban place of today the other try to reconstruct a “lost community”.

Lisa Vollmer

Tenant Protest in Berlin – Processes of Politicization

Since the Financial Crisis in 2008 a new range of tenant protest groups emerged in the rapidly gentrifying city of Berlin. Departing from their personal affectedness by failures of the housing market they quickly transcend to a political understanding of what they are doing. The presentation will introduce this groups and the methodology adopted to investigate this process of politicization.

Monday 19th August 2013

Participants presentations on their own research and their urban research sites
(guidelines for this will be sent around within April)

Tuesday 20th August 2013

Mixed methods in the study of shrinking and growing cities

Jeremy Seekings

Mixed methods: Measurement, precision and causation

Most advocates of one or other research methodology tend to exaggerate the merits of their method and the limits of others. Can we take a step back and think about the strengths and weaknesses of different methods - both qualitative (interviews, observation) and quantitative (including experimental work as well as the analysis of survey, census and administrative data)? What is 'measured', and how precisely? How is causality understood and demonstrated? How can methods usefully be combined? The class will illustrate this through studies of the changing nature of obligations between kin, neighbours and the state in cities in the global South.

Required reading(s)

Pearce, Lisa D. (2012) “Mixed Methods Inquiry in Sociology” American Behavioral Scientist, 56.

Wyly, Elvin (2011) "Positively radical" in IJURR 35, 3.

Further reading

Alexander, Peter, et al. Class in Soweto. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press (2013).

Seekings, Jeremy. 'Perceptions of Class and Income in Post-Apartheid Cape Town'. CSSR Working Paper 198 (Cape Town: Centre for Social Science Research, University of Cape Town) (2007).

Neves, David, and Andries du Toit. "Money and Sociality in South Africa's Informal Economy." Africa: The Journal of the International African Institute 82.1 (2012): 131-149.

Harper, Sarah, and Jeremy Seekings. 'Claims on and Obligations to Kin in Cape Town, South Africa'. CSSR Working Paper 272 (Cape Town: Centre for Social Science Research, University of Cape Town) (2010).

Matthias Berndt

What is Urban Shrinkage?

The session will discuss the conceptual basis for the explanation of urban shrinkage. It will examine the reasons for population losses in different contexts and discuss how these relate to popular concepts used in the field of urban studies. The session will demonstrate that universal explanations of what is essentially a both local and place-specific and a universal phenomenon should be avoided. Instead of an invariant ‘process of shrinkage’, I call for acknowledging a ‘pluralist world of shrinkages’ and argue for exploring the causes and dynamics of urban shrinkage in a case- and context-sensitive way. This demands flexibility with methodological approaches and a mix of qualitative and quantitative techniques.

Required Reading(s)

Haase, A., Bernt, M., Mykhnenko, V., Großmann, K.(2013, forthcoming), Varieties of shrinkage in European cities. European Urban and Regional Studies.

Recommended reading(s)

Martinez-Fernandez, C., Audirac, I., Fol S. and Cunningham-Sabot, E. (2012), Shrinking Cities: Urban Challenges of Globalization. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 36: 213–225.
Beauregard, R A. (2009), Urban population loss in historical perspective: United States, 1820–2000. Environment and Planning A 41(3): 514–528

Wednesday 21st August 2013

The socio-political construction of urban problems and urban policy. Qualitative approaches to area-based policies and participatory governance

Claire Colomb / Henrik Lebuhn

This session will focus on the critical evaluation of urban policy interventions (i.e. area-based policies) devised by various tiers of government (in cooperation with other actors) to respond to particular urban social problems. It builds on a social-constructivist approach to urban problems and public policy to introduce various qualitative methods and approaches to urban policy analysis and evaluation.

In the first part of the session, Claire Colomb will introduce the concept of ‘urban policy’ and the social-political construction of ‘urban problems’ and of policy responses, building on various examples from Europe and North-America. Two sets of approaches for a critical analysis of contemporary urban policies will then be presented and discussed: applying (critical) discourse analysis to unpack the assumptions upon which urban policies are built; researching urban ‘policy mobilities’ to trace the global circulation of urban policy models.

In the second part of the session, Henrik Lebuhn will focus on the dynamics of community involvement and public participation in urban policies (and more widely in urban governance) by discussing the opportunities and limits of participatory instruments and channels, often mediated through area-based policies such as the Socially Integrative City policy in Germany. Using examples from Berlin, and drawing from comparative research, we will ask who participates and what are the power relations and power differentials that impact on the ability to participate in meaningful ways? In which ways does participatory governance shape the meaning of participation, and what is its impact on the types of claims that can be advanced?

Compulsory readings

Part I
Cochrane, Allan (2000). The social construction of urban policy. In: Watson, Sophie and Bridge, Gary eds. A Companion to the City. Blackwell Companions to Geography. Oxford, United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 531–542.
Jacobs, K. (2006) ‘Discourse analysis and its utility for urban policy research’, Urban Policy and Research, 24 (1), 39–52.
McCann, E. and Ward, K. (2012) ‘Assembling urbanism: following policies and ‘studying through’ the sites and situations of policy making’, Environment and Planning A, 44(1), 42 – 51.
Peyroux, E. (2012) ‘Legitimating Business Improvement Districts in Johannesburg: a discursive perspective on urban regeneration and policy transfer’, European Urban and Regional Studies, 19(2): 181-194.

Part II
Mayer, M. (2003) ‘The onward sweep of social capital: causes and consequences for understanding cities, communities and urban movements’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 27(1), pp. 110-132.
Swyngedouw, E. (2005) ‘Governance Innovation and the Citizen: The Janus Face of Governance-beyond-the-State’, Urban Studies, 42(11), pp. 1991-2006.

Thursday 22nd August 2013

17:00-18:30 (after the second Berlin excursion)

Kanishka Goonewardena / Henrik Lebuhn / Margit Mayer

Social Movements and the City. A Conversation with Kanishka Goonewardena, Henrik Lebuhn, and Margit Mayer about New Perspectives on Urban Research and Activism.

In recent years, urban social movements have proliferated significantly. Especially the 'Right to the City Movement' has put social movement research back onto the agenda. However, urban scholars are presented with a variety of challenges ranging from a new complexity of movements and mobilizations, to competing concepts and methodological problems. In this session, we will meet for an in-depth discussion with Kanishka Goonewardena, Henrik Lebuhn, and Margit Mayer about current debates, new research perspectives, and methodological challenges in the field.

Required Reading(s)

Boudreau, J-A, Mayer, M. (2012): Social Movements in Urban Politics: Trends in Research and Practice, in: Oxford Handbook on Urban Politics, pp. 273-291

Recommended reading(s)

CITY (2009): Special Issue: Cities for People, not for Profit, 13.2

Friday 23rd August 2013

Expressing inequalities, changing the urban form (qualitative interviews/urban ethnography)

Talja Blokland

Ethnography and  Qualitative Interviewing in Urban Research

In this session, we discuss the methods of ethnographic fieldwork and qualitative interviewing in two parts. In the part on ethnography, two themes will be discussed. First, the theme of getting access, building relationships and ethics in the field, whereby Blokland relies on experiences of her own fieldwork in the USA from 2001 to 2004, a project on the ways in which residents of a US housing project and its adjacent middle class area create resources in the city, the various ways they use for doing so and the ways in which these practices are in- and exclusive. Using examples from her research, she asks how do you develop a research strategy that works for you as a scholar but is respectful and establishes some equilibrium between distance and engagement, especially with people living vulnerably under very difficult conditions? In the second part of this introduction, Blokland takes a slightly more general approach, and discusses the question of ‘evidence’ in relation to ethnography. Using one empirical excerpt and two rather contradictory theoretical approaches, she starts off the discussion on the nature of ‘evidence’ in social science.

Required Reading(s)

Blokland, T. (2012) Blaming the poor nor the middle classes

Recommended reading(s)

Blokland, T. (2008) Facing violence

Birgit zur Nieden

Methods and methodology in research on school choice in Berlin

In the session we will reflect on methodological questions and learn about the application of qualitative methods in conflictive research fields like processes of stigmatization and exclusion around education and public schools. The discussion will focus on the example of an on-going research project on the primary school-choice of migrant parents in recently gentrified areas of Berlin. In mainstream public and scientific discourse since the PISA surveys their children are implicitly or explicitly constructed as being a risk or hindrance for the education of other, namely German middleclass kids. While studies on school-choice usually take the perspective of the majority parents, the presented research looks on how minority parents use their resources and deal with stigmatisation and institutional exclusion within the German migration society.

Required reading(s)

Noreisch, Kathleen (2007): Choice as Rule, Exception and Coincidence: Parents' Understandings of Catchment Areas in Berlin. Urban Studies 1/2007: 1308-1328
Byrne, Bridget (2009): Not just class. Towards an understanding of the whiteness of middle class schooling choice. In: Ethnic and Racial Studies 32 (3), S. 424-441

Saturday 24th August 2013

Visual Urban Methods

Claire Colomb / Christine Hentschel

Capturing and liberating images for urban analysis

Over the past decades, researchers have increasingly focused their analysis on the role of representations, discourses and images of the city, of urban life and of urban change as part of the ‘cultural’, ‘discursive’ and ‘visual’ turns in social sciences. Images of the city are produced in the artistic and cultural spheres, as well as in the political and economic realm of local promotion, civic boosterism and place marketing. Yet “even as they proliferate, images of the city more and more tell us less and less about the city,” writes film theorist Ackbar Abbas. Is there anything left for images to tell us? What can and what can’t we learn from street signs, billboards, guerilla posters, and magazine covers if we want to understand the heartbeats of our cities?

This session will focus on two aspects of the use of visual methods in urban research: first, how to analyse images of the city and visual materials in urban research; second, how to collect data in visual form, produce visual materials (e.g. photography or film) or use visual expression (e.g. digital content) for urban social research. The session introduces a number of techniques through which the visual can meaningfully enter urban sociology, anthropology, geography, and governmentality studies. We assume images to be more than mere ‘surface’ and want to think about and practice how to place images in a wider net of relations and infrastructures in the city – be they affective, material, economic, political or social.

Required Reading(s)

Rose, Gillian (2007) ‘Researching Visual Material: Towards a critical visual methodology’, in Visual Methodologies: An introduction to the interpretation of visual materials, London: Sage, pp. 1-27.
Colomb, Claire (2010) ‘Understanding the Politics of Place Marketing and Urban Imaging’, in Staging the New Berlin: Place Marketing and the Politics of Urban Reinvention post-1989. London: Routledge, pp. 11-38.
Clarke, Adele (2005) ‘Mapping Visual Discourses’, In Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory after the Postmodern Turn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp. 205-260.

Recommended reading(s)

Grady, John (2001) ‘Becoming a visual sociologist’, Sociological Imagination, 38(1/2), online at http://wheatoncollege.edu/faculty/files/2012/06/VISUAL_SOCIOLOGIST.pdf
Nuttall, Sarah (2009) ‘Surface and Underneath’, in Entanglement: Literary and cultural reflections on post-apartheid. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, pp. 83-107.

Monday 26th August 2013

Mixed methods: examples

Tim Butler

Education as a form of displacement in the contemporary gentrification of East London

In this session I will discuss the ways in which education and specifically school choice has become one of the main manifestations of displacement in contemporary East London. I will show how a range of methods can be used to plot the operation of school choice across East London and how this can be related to place of residence and also to educational attainment. I will demonstrate how different data sets can be used to indicate that school choice is dominated by the socially powerful to their advantage and how the social composition of a school drives the attainment of that school. Bringing together – for example – the Pupil Level Annual School Census (PLASC) with the National Pupil Database (NPD) can show how performance is related to a deprivation indicator (Free School Meals) but is not sufficiently nuanced to discriminate between relative levels of affluence. By combining these data sources with geodemographic approaches (such as Mosaic) however, we can use PLASC/NPD to indicate how there is a gradient of school performance that is related to social background with the highest social groups achieving the best results. These approaches nevertheless need to be contextualised by in-depth interview data to understand both how the school landscape is perceived by parents and how they strategise to maximise their position within it. Finally, I also show how published official data on school enrolment procedures can be used to map this emerging 'geography of education'.

Required Reading(s)

Tim Butler and Chris Hamnett (2011) Ethnicity, Class and Aspiration: Understanding London's New East End Bristol: Policy Press
Tim Butler and Chris Hamnett (2013) 'Gentrification, Education and Exclusionary Displacement in East London' International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. Early view on line

Recommended reading(s)

Stephen J Ball (2008) The Education Debate Bristol: the Policy Press
Kalervo Gulson (2011) Educational Policy, Space and the City: markets and the (in)visibility of race London: Routledge

Yuri Kazepov

The vignettes technique for comparative research
This down-to-Earth session will introduce you to the use of the vignette technique in comparative research as part of a mixed methods strategy. Vignettes are stimuli constructed in the form of short realistic descriptions with precise references to events and situations that the respondents could hypothetically encounter in their personal or professional lives and for which they are asked to simulate a decision-making process. The session will provide you with the strengths and weaknesses of the method and the advantages in using it when comparing institutionally different contexts. In particular we will show the fruitfulness of using it in combination (not juxtaposition) with other methods.  Examples will be provided from research projects in which we aimed at understanding rescaling processes of social policies and the increasing importance of local (urban) welfare systems in Europe.

Required Reading(s)

Barberis Eduardo (2010) Methods and Contexts in the study of Rescaling, In Kazepov Yuri (ed.) Rescaling social Policies towards Multilevel Governance in Europe, Ashgate Farnham, pp. 431-470.

Tuesday 27th August 2013

Capital forms and their spatial expressions

Talja Blokland

Social networks and how to study them

Social networks provide access to resources, spread news and gossips and have taken forms in the digital times that were unknown before. As webs of affiliations, networks are flexible and always changing, but provide important structural barriers and ways of inclusion in society. In this talk, I will explore the concept of social networks, introduce briefly some of the ways in which they are studied, present the way in which social networks were studied in some of the research projects that I did and discuss the challenges of doing actual research on social networks. This is illustrated through the use of various examples of work on social networks in mixed neighborhoods in Rotterdam, the Netherlands and New Haven, Ct, USA.

Required Reading(s)

Blokland & Van Eijk, Do Do People Who Like Diversity Practice Diversity in Neighbourhood Life? Neighbourhood Use and the Social Networks of ‘Diversity-Seekers’ in a Mixed Neighbourhood in the Netherlands


Recommended reading(s)

Hannerz, U. (1980) Exploring the city. inquiries toward an urban anthropology, Columbia University Press, New York.
Wellman B. & Leighton B. (1979) Networks, neighbourhoods and communities. Approaches to the study of the community question, Urban Affairs Quarterly 14 (3) pp. 363-390.

Eduardo Marques

Urban poverty, segregation and sociability

The relationships between residential segregation and poverty are well established by the urban studies literature. The classical assumption is that territorial isolation reduces economic and social opportunities for segregated poor populations and, consequently, hampers social mobility. This assumption, however, equals territorial isolation and social isolation, what has not been precisely analyzed empirically. The social capital literature tried to solve the problem replacing the empirical analysis of these elements by a metaphor.
Departing from cases in two major Brazilian cities – São Paulo and Salvador, Marques suggests that the links between segregation and social isolation are much more complex and heterogeneous than considered previously. The social networks of the poor (which structure their sociability) and their daily practices, activities and connections (which give life to those structures) enhance our understanding of the heterogeneity of poverty situations, as well as their differences with middle class groups. The study of social networks using both quantitative and qualitative techniques suggests also the existence of several social mechanisms, which help to explain poverty and inequality production.

Required reading(s)

Marques, E. 2012. ‘Opportunities and deprivation in the Global South: Poverty, segregation and social networks in São Paulo’. London: Ashgate Pub, chapters 5 to 7.

Recommended reading(s)

Bichir, R. and Marques, E. Poverty and sociability in Brazilian metropolises: comparing poor people´s personal networks in São Paulo and Salvador. Connecti Échanges sociaux et mécanismes relationnels à São Paulo et Salvador

Wednesday 28th August 2013

Theorizing and mapping the urban

Neil Brenner

Visualizing an urban planet: theory, ideology and representation

In what sense is the 21st century world urban? In this lecture, Neil Brenner critiques contemporary ideologies of the "urban age," which confront this question with reference to the purported fact that more than 50% of the world's population resides within cities. Against such demographic, city-centric understandings, Brenner argues that the geographies of 21st century urbanization can no longer be conceptualized with reference to cities, metropolitan regions or even megalopolises, but today encompass diverse patterns and pathways across the planetary sociospatial landscape, from Manhattan to the Matterhorn, from the Pearl River Delta to Mount Everest, from the Nile River valley to the Pacific Ocean, from the subterranean deposits of the Canadian tar sands to the atmospheric pathways of satellites and space junk. Deciphering this variegated urban fabric requires not only new sources of spatial data but a new epistemological and cartographic framework. We will discuss possible avenues for developing such a framework, as well as the possibilities and limitations of new forms of geospatial representation for the analysis of our urbanizing planet.

Required Reading(s)

Edward Soja and Miguel Kanai, "The urbanization of the world," In The Endless City. Eds. Ricky Burdett and Deyan Sudjic. London: Phaidon.
Neil Brenner and Christian Schmid, “The urban age in question,” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, forthcoming.
Neil Brenner, “Theses on urbanization,” Public Culture, 25, 1 (2013): 85-114.
Neil Brenner and Nikos Katsikis, “Is the Mediterranean urban?,” New Geographies, 5 (2013), in press.

Andrej Holm

Mapping as a tool for critical urban research

“Mapping the frontier line — establishing its shifting location — not only provides a means for mapping the spread of gentrification, but also provides a tool through which local neighbourhood organizations, residents and housing activists can anticipate gentrification and thereby defend themselves against the processes and activities that convert their communities into a new urban frontier.” (Neil Smith, 1996).
Maps are spatial related information systems and used by administrations, real estate institutions as well as by social movements and media to express the socio spatial dynamics in cities and regions. The seminar is tending to discuss if and how cartographical methods could be used as well as instruments of urban research. Questions we will discus are: What are maps tell us and what did they tell us not? What are the perils of mapping? If maps are tools for superiority, how they were used by whom? How we can represent sociological theories in maps? We will reflect basic papers on mapping and deal with selected projects trying to map gentrification, failed projects and new urban landscapes.

Required reading(s)

H.A. Sandford 1979: Things Maps Don't Tell Us. Geography, Vol. 64, No. 4, 297-302
John Brian Harley 1989: Deconstructing the map. Cartographica, 26(2): 1–20

Recommended reading(s)

Elvin, Wyly, and DanielHammel2005: Mapping neo-liberal American urbanism. In: R. Atkinson and G. Bridge (Eds):Gentrification in a Global Context: The New Urban Colonialism. London: Routledge, pp.18-38
Susan Ball and Petros Petsimeris 2010: Mapping Urban Social Divisions. Forum Qualitative Social research, Vol. 11, No. 2, Art. 37
Mark Davidson and Elvin Wyly 2012: Classifying London. Questioning social division and space claims in the post-industrial metropolis. In: City, Vol. 16, No. 4, 395-421

Thursday 29th Saturday 31st August 2013

RC21 Conference “Resourceful Cities”

Sunday 1st September 2013

Methods of comparing south and north urban ethnographies

Suzanne M. Hall

Writing Urban Ethnography: spatial texts

This workshop explores the pleasures of reading and writing urban ethnography, and will focus on a range of short texts, taken from authors who capture the essence of space. We will explore ethnographic writing in a broad sense, working with texts from novels, non-fiction and academia.

Required Reading(s)

Hall, S. 2012 'The art of sitting', in 'City Street and Citizen: The measure of the ordinary', London: Routledge

Recommended reading(s)

McFarlane, Colin 2011 Learning Assemblages (Chapter 1). In Learning the city: knowledge and translocal assemblage. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell; 2011.
Thrift, Nigel 2012 Insubstantial Pageants: Producing an Untoward Land Cultural Geographies19: 141-168.

Christine Hentschel

Urban fabricating and the fabricating of urban concepts

This session invites students to experiment with the notion of urban fabricating and to articulate related ethnographic techniques. Fabricating engages the urban fabric as on-its-way, always-already-there, yet always-changing. The urban fabric encompasses the spatial and the social, the material and the magic, the visible and the invisible urban tissue, the surface and the underneath. But to fabricate the urban is also to invent, to make up, and to recycle; it is to create interim solutions or muddle through when big visions are absent or opportunities limited. Fabricating also involves an aspect of hijacking the “real” or the “planned”. It draws attention to processes emerging outside the script, the law, or the moral order of the city.
Finally, urban fabricating means fabricating theories of the urban -- an attempt to understand how concepts can travel i.e. from Guanajuato to Berlin while remaining attuned to particular local realities.

Required Reading(s)

Comaroff, Jean and John L. Comaroff. 2011. Theory from the South: Or, how Euro-America is evolving toward Africa. Chapter 1. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.
Simone, Abdoumaliq 2006. Pirate towns: Reworking social and symbolic infrastructures in Johannesburg and Douala. Urban Studies 43.2: 357-370.

Monday 2nd September 2013

Mike Raco

Publishing (with exercises)

Yuri Kazepov

Fund-raising (with exercises)




Foundation for Urban and Regional Studies International Journal of Urban and Regional Research